Introduction to Jelly, Club and Corals

A presentation from John Stuart

Last years educational talk on Jelly, Club and Corals. The talk covers the identifying features of each group.

Species list from Winter walk at North Park on 02/18/2017

Species list entered by La Monte Yarroll.

List of species found on the walk at Winter walk at North Park:
Auricularia auricula (Tree-ear / Wood Ear),
Bjerkandera adusta (Smoky Polypore),
Cyathus striatus (Splash Cups),
Daedalea quercina (Thick-maze Oak Polypore),
Daedaleopsis confragosa (Thin-maze Flat Polypore),
Daldinia concentrica (Carbon Balls),
Diatrype stigma (),
Exidia recisa (Wood ear),
Galerina marginata (Deadly galerina),
Ganoderma applanatum (Artist’s Conk),
Ganoderma lucidum (Ling Chi),
Hydnochaete olivaceus (),
Hymenochaete tabacina (Northern Brown Crust),
Hypholoma lateritium (Brick top),
Irpex lacteus (Milk-white Toothed-Polypore),
Laetiporus sulphureus (Chicken Mushroom; Sulphur Shelf),
Lenzites betulina (Multicolor Gill Polypore),
Lycoperdon perlatum (Gem-studded Puffball),
Neofavolus alveolaris (Hexagonal-pored Polypore),
Phlebia incarnata (),
Phlebia tremellosa (),
Phyllotopsis nidulans (Mock Oyster),
Pleurotus ostreatus (Oyster Mushroom),
Polyporus badius (Black-footed Polypore),
Schizophyllum commune (Split Gill),
Schizopora paradoxa (),
Serpula lacrimans (Dry rot),
Stereum complicatum (Crowded Parchment),
Stereum ostrea (False Turkey-tail),
Trametes elegans (),
Trametes versicolor (Turkey-tail),
Trichaptum biforme (Violet Toothed-Polypore),
Tubaria furfuracea (Fringed Tubaria),
Xylobolus frustulatus (Ceramic Parchment)

Species not currently on clubs life list:
Cladonia cristatella (British Soldier Lichen)
Globifomes graveolens (Sweet Knot) – alien brought by Judy H.
Mycena sp.

Comments:

We had a fantastic turnout for this pop-up walk in North Park with nearly 60 attendees. The weather was just right for a nice stroll through the park.

Our featured photo of Globifomes graveoleus (photo by Adam Haritan) is actually an alien (not from this walk). It is a moderately rare species, so it was a treat to see.

Species list from All Out 2017 at South Park on 01/28/2017

Walk leader La Monte Yarroll. We held a winter walk in response to another REI initiative to get people out into the wilds. We had over 30 people attend and we have quite a few species to add to the club life list. Part of the reason may be the unusual season, but I really want to call out the excellent identification work by Adam Haritan, in addition to our regular Club Identifiers and Mycologists.

Species list entered by La Monte Yarroll.

List of species found on the walk at All Out 2017 at South Park:
Armillaria mellea (Honey Mushroom),
Crucibulum laeve (White-egg Bird’s-nest Fungus),
Daldinia concentrica (Carbon Balls),
Diatrype stigma (),
Flammulina velutipes (Velvet foot; Enokitake),
Galerina marginata (Deadly galerina),
Ganoderma applanatum (Artist’s Conk),
Gloeoporus dichrous (),
Hypholoma lateritium (Brick top),
Hypomyces aurantius (),
Irpex lacteus (Milk-white Toothed-Polypore),
Ischnoderma resinosum (Resinous Polypore),
Laetiporus sulphureus (Chicken Mushroom; Sulphur Shelf),
Lasiosphaeria spermoides (),
Lenzites betulina (Multicolor Gill Polypore),
Neofavolus alveolaris (Hexagonal-pored Polypore),
Panellus stipticus (Luminescent Panellus, bitter oyster),
Phellinus gilvus (Mustard Yellow polypore),
Phellinus robineae (Cracked cap polypore),
Polyporus badius (Black-footed Polypore),
Polyporus brumalis (),
Postia subcaesia (),
Resupinatus applicatus (Black Jelly Oyster),
Rhytisma punctatum (Speckled Tar Spot),
Schizophyllum commune (Split Gill),
Schizopora paradoxa (),
Serpula himantioides (),
Stereum ostrea (False Turkey-tail),
Trametes hirsuta (),
Trametes versicolor (Turkey-tail),
Trichaptum biforme (Violet Toothed-Polypore),
Trichia favoginea (),
Tyromyces chioneus (White Cheese Polypore),
Xylobolus frustulatus (Ceramic Parchment)

Species not currently on clubs life list:
Mycena sp. (Gray-brown marginate cap cespitose on wood)
Dendrothele sp. (on oak bark of standing tree)

Comments:
Postia subcaesia is probably what we’ve been mistakenly calling Tyromyces caesius.
New species to the club Lasiosphaeria spermoides, Postia subcaesia, Rhytisma punctatum (Speckled Tar Spot), Serpula himantioides and Schizopora paradoxa.

Pictures by Adam Haritan.

Species list visualizations 2016

Last year we presented an overview of the species identified at the different parks. This year we have gone one further in the visualization of the species lists. The new analysis includes data back to 2012 and we plan to add all of our historical records over time. We will also add new data analysis to the visualization so you can consider this a work in progress. The analysis page is now available all year round here.

Quick overview of the data

The analysis is split over three views. The first view is of a table with the number of species observations per walk. See the main picture above. In the actual analysis you can click on one of the bars to see the species list from the walk. You can also change the year that you are viewing.

This year there was a slow start until about week 22, the end of May. Then the warmth arrives and fungi diversity increases until mid July when it started to dry out and the number of species found drops. This year there was some substantial rain in August and the number of species found on each walk increased.  The weather was then dry through to October and we had the second lowest number of species identified at the Lincoff foray in North park. Further north in Cook Forest State Park conditions were perfect and we found a lot of species. From mid October onward the weather was wet and warm for the time of year and we have found plenty of species on these late season walks.

species-overview-2016

The second view is of a map with the number of observations by location. Again the view is initialized to show the 2016 data but you can expand it out to all years if you wish. Some locations were visited multiple times, like Hartwood Acres, so there area lot of observations  from the site. The two foray sites, North Park and Cook Forest State Park, also have a lot of observations. Double click on the map to zoom in and click on a location to see the list of species from that area.

The final view is very similar to the second view except instead of plotting the number of observations we are plotting the number of distinct species per location. You can also filter the locations by one or more species of interest. For example click on the species and uncheck the uncheck “All” option then select a species to see where it has been found.

This analysis only represents a snap shot of the fungal diversity in our local parks and forests. Many of the park environments around Pittsburgh are very similar and we can expect to find similar numbers of species if we were to make enough observations over a year. As the old data is uploaded, and as we make more observations, the number of species observed at each location will increase.

If you are interested in what we have found this year please explore the analysis. If you have any suggestions on further analysis please contact me with details at site-admin@wpamushroomclub.org.

 

Species list from Black Friday walk at Hartwood Acres on 11/25/2016

About 25 people choose to get outside and join us hunting for bargains mushrooms on Black Friday. The weather has been unseasonably warm and we were hoping to find a few gilled mushrooms as well as crusts and jellies. We were greeted with a small crop of Agaricus arvensis, Horse Mushrooms, growing in the grass right at the meeting point so it was looking good. Once we were in the forest we found an abundance of species from the very small to larger specimens. There were a number of seasonable edibles about too along with the poisonous Galerina marginata Deadly galerina.

Highlight of the day was the Chlorociboria aeruginascens (Blue-green Stain). We normally find the stained wood but today we found the fruiting body. The smallest identified species was Dacrymyces minor, tiny 1mm diameter yellow jelly drops on a rotten stick. This species has not been recorded by the club in the past.

We had quite a problem identifying an abundant purple/brown mushroom found by many members under Oak and Tulip Popular. In the field I though it might be a Cortinarius as the gills showed a hit of orange. I later decided I was being deceived and it might be a Laccaria. The spore print was white which was encouraging, but under the microscope the spores did not have spines. Then I thought about Hygrocybe and that is where I was stuck. I posted the images to Mushroom Observer and a another member, “jimmiev”, suggested a species name. The specimen matched the description, including the spores size and shape as well as the smell so the identification of Clitocybe cokeri was confirmed. This is the first time Clitocybe cokeri has been identified by the club and it is related to a number of cold weather mushrooms that can fruit late in the season after the frost and in the spring with the snow melt.

We found one non mushroom species of note, the Emerald ash borer Agrilus planipennis. Culprit in the death of millions of Ash trees in PA and other states, despite all the dead trees it is rarely seen.

There are nearly 60 species recorded here and among the unidentified we are still working on an unusual coral mushroom species. All in all quite a haul.

Species list entered by Richard Jacob. Identified by Adam Haritan, Jack Baker, John Plischke III and Richard Jacob.

List of species found on the walk at Black Friday walk at Hartwood Acres:
Agaricus arvensis (Horse Mushroom),
Armillaria tabescens (Ringless Honey Mushroom),
Ascocoryne sarcoides (Purple Jelly Drops),
Bisporella citrina (Yellow Fairy Cups),
Camarops petersii (Dog Nose fungus),
Chlorociboria aeruginascens (Blue-green Stain),
Clavariadelphus unicolor (),
Clavulina cristata (Crested Coral Fungus),
Clitocybe cokeri (),
Clitocybe nuda (Blewit),
Crucibulum laeve (White-egg Bird’s-nest Fungus),
Dacrymyces minor (),
Daldinia concentrica (Carbon Balls),
Entoloma abortivum (Aborted Entoloma),
Flammulina velutipes (Velvet foot; Enokitake),
Fuligo septica (Scrambled-egg Slime; Dog Vomit Slime),
Galerina marginata (Deadly galerina),
Ganoderma applanatum (Artist’s Conk),
Gloeoporus dichrous (),
Gymnopus dryophilus (Oak-loving Collybia),
Gymnopus semihirtipes (),
Hypholoma lateritium (Brick top),
Hypsizygus ulmarius (Elm Oyster),
Inonotus dryadeus (),
Irpex lacteus (Milk-white Toothed-Polypore),
Ischnoderma resinosum (Resinous Polypore),
Kretzschmaria deusta (Carbon Cushion, Brittle Cinder),
Lycogala epidendrum (Wolf’s Milk Slime),
Lycoperdon perlatum (Gem-studded Puffball),
Marasmius capillaris (),
Mycena luteopallens (Walnut Mycena),
Mycena semivestipes (),
Neofavolus alveolaris (Hexagonal-pored Polypore),
Panellus serotinus (Late Fall Oyster),
Panellus stipticus (Luminescent Panellus, bitter oyster),
Phanerochaete chrysorhiza (),
Phlebia incarnata (),
Phlebia tremellosa (),
Pleurotus ostreatus (Oyster Mushroom),
Polyporus badius (Black-footed Polypore),
Polyporus squamosus (Dryad’s Saddle, Pheasant Polypore),
Poronidulus conchifer (),
Resupinatus applicatus (Black Jelly Oyster),
Schizophyllum commune (Split Gill),
Scleroderma citrinum (Pigskin Poison Puffball),
Scutellinia scutellata (Reddish Eyelash Cup),
Scutellinia subhirtella (Orange Eyelash Cup),
Steccherinum ochraceum (),
Stereum complicatum (Crowded Parchment),
Stereum ostrea (False Turkey-tail),
Trametes elegans (),
Trametes versicolor (Turkey-tail),
Tremella lutescens (Yellow Witches’ Butter),
Trichaptum biforme (Violet Toothed-Polypore),
Tyromyces chioneus (White Cheese Polypore),
Xerula furfuracea (Rooted Collybia),
Xylaria polymorpha (Dead Man’s Fingers),
Xylobolus frustulatus (Ceramic Parchment)

Pictures by Adam Haritan and Richard Jacob.

Election results 2016

At the October 18 monthly meeting of the WPMC, the following Officers were elected for next year:

President – Richard Jacob
Vice President – Adam Haritan
Secretary – Ann ‘Fluff’ Berger
North American Mycological Association (NAMA) Trustee La Monte Yarroll
Treasurer – Barbara DeRiso

There was a run off for the new North American Mycological Association (NAMA) Trustee position with La Monte Yarroll narrowly beating John Plischke III. The NAMA Trustee position is a two year position and replaces the Corresponding Secretary position. last years election post has the gory details.

Read more about this years committee in Novembers newsletter. We would like to thank Cecily Franklin, this years Vice President for her work over the years in running the Club and keeping us organized. Cecily is also our wonderful newsletter editor.

Winners of 2016 Photo Contest!

Rebecca Miller was the judge for the annual WPMC photo contest and the winners were announced at Octobers meeting. Here they are, in the order in which they were announced.

Documentary

For single photographs especially suited as illustrations in a field guide, or for use in a lecture. Emphasis is placed on portrayal of key morphological characteristics such that the usefulness of the image as an identification aid is maximized. Subjects may be shot in the field, laboratory or studio and the photographer has complete freedom to process, manipulate, or orient the specimen in any manner to achieve the goal. Close-ups of single features and photomicrographs are acceptable. Judging criteria will be the same as in the Pictorial category but they will be of secondary importance to the overall mycological utility of the photo. Accurate identification of the subject will be a consideration.

1st Place   Richard Jacob: Chanterelle species
2ed Place   Sarah Banach: Lactarius Volemus
3rd Place   Dick Dougall: Retiboletus grieus – Mug Shot

Pictorial

This division is for single photos that illustrate the beauty and variety of fungi in form and color. The objective is a photo suitable for display or illustration in a fine book. Judging criteria include consideration of both technical (focus, depth of field, exposure, lighting, color, absence of distracting elements) and artistic (composition, color, background, lighting) aspects.

1st Place   Fluff Berger: Exsudoporus frostii – Frosts Bolete
2ed Place   Cecily Franklin: Xerula furfuracea – Root
3rd Place   Jerry Sapp: Omphalotus illudensJack O’Lantern Mushroom

Judge’s Option

For photos which do not fit into the Pictorial or Documentary divisions. Examples include fungi in an interesting situation, fungi with animals, people enjoying fungi. Nearly anything goes, so long as fungi are a key element of the photograph.

1st Place   Joe Lee: Amanita muscaria var. guessowii – Fairy Land
2ed Place   John Baltrus: Harvest
3rd Place   Lynn Gill: Sarcoscypha austriaca – Scarlet Cup

Photos only a Mycologist could love

This year there were plenty of entries and Rebecca added an extra category for the more unusual species.

1st Place   Richard Jacob: Cordyceps militaris
2ed Place  Patty Houck: Geastrum triplex – Collared Earthstar
3rd Place   John Stuart:  Stereum gausapatum – Bleeding Sternum

Bonus Spot the critter competition

slide36

The winning entries

All entries

November and December newsletter published

Our November and December newsletter has just been sent out to both electronic and paper subscribers. This newsletter has reports on the Cook Forest  pre foray walk, Lincoff foray and NAMA meeting.  There are the prize winning photos from this years photo contest and much more! Have something to say? Want to write an article? We are Interested in what your favorite mushroom is and why, the story of how you became interested in mushrooms,  how you find mushrooms, or indeed any other mushroom related literature. Please contact Cecily Franklin for more details.

You can see the first page of the newsletter here.

Species list from Hartwood Acres on 10/22/2016

Walk leader Barbara DeRiso. Some 25 intrepid mushroom hunters showed up on a cold (46 degrees F) windy, rainy morning for the last scheduled WPMC Walk of the 2016 season. From the Mansion parking lot at Hartwood Acres, we spread out a bit, most meandering along Trails 10 and 12 on the hillside above the stables, several heading elsewhere. Two hours later we returned to the picnic tables an, despite the continued blustery rain,  spread out our treasures. A number of huge Calvatia Gigantea (smooth puffball) many Clitocybe nuda (formerly known as Lepista nuda, a.k.a. Blewits), Grifola frondosa (hen of the woods, sheepshead) and Laetiporus sulphureus (chicken mushroom) were found.
La Monte Yarroll’s Species of the Day: Mycena subcaerulea (Blue Mycena).
Hope to see you on November 15th for the annual Pot Luck Wrap-Up meeting.

Species list entered by Barbara DeRiso. Identifiers Barbara DeRiso, Dick Dougall, La Monte Yarroll, John Plischke III, Richard Jacob and possibly others.

List of species found on the walk at Hartwood Acres:
Agaricus campestris (Meadow Mushroom / Field Mushroom),
Amanita muscaria var. guessowii (Fly Agaric),
Armillaria gallica (),
Auricularia auricula (Tree-ear / Wood Ear),
Bisporella citrina (Yellow Fairy Cups),
Calvatia gigantea (Giant Puffball),
Clitocybe nuda (Blewit),
Clitocybe robusta (Robust Clitocybe),
Chlorophyllum rhacodes (Shaggy Parasol),
Coprinus comatus (Shaggy mane),
Cyathus stercoreus (Leathery Bird’s-nest Fungus / Grey Egg Birds nest),
Entoloma abortivum (Aborted Entoloma),
Exidia glandulosa (Beech Jelly Roll),
Exidia recisa (Wood ear),
Galerina marginata (Deadily Galerina ),
Ganoderma applanatum (Artist’s Conk),
Grifola frondosa (Hen of the Woods / Sheep Head),
Gymnopus dryophila (),
Hydnochaete olivaceus (),
Hypholoma sublateritium (Brick top),
Hypocrea gelatinosa (),
Hypomyces chrysospermus (Bolete Mold),
Laccaria laccata (Common Laccaria; Deceiver Laccaria),
Laetiporus sulphureus (Chicken Mushroom; Sulphur Shelf),
Lentinellus ursinus (),
Lycogala epidendrum (Wolf’s Milk Slime),
Lycoperdon perlatum (Gem-studded Puffball),
Marasmius rotula (Pinwheel Marasmius),
Mycena haematopus (Bleeding Mycena),
Mycena subcaerulea (Blue Mycena),
Panellus stipticus (Luminescent Panellus, bitter oyster),
Phlebia incarnata (),
Phlebia tremellosa (),
Pholiota limonella (),
Pleurotus ostreatus (Oyster Mushroom),
Polyporus badius (Black-footed Polypore),
Neofavolus alveolaris (Hexagon-pored polypore),
Polyporus squamosus (Dryad’s Saddle, Pheasant Polypore),
Pseudoclitocybe cyathiformis (),
Pycnoporus cinnabarinus (Cinnabar Red Polypore),
Rickenella fibula (Orange Moss Agaric),
Scleroderma citrinum (Pigskin Poison Puffball),
Scutellinia scutellata (Reddish Eyelash Cup),
Scutellinia subhirtella (Orange Eyelash Cup),
Serpula lacrimans (),
Stereum complicatum (Crowded Parchment),
Stereum hirsutum (Hairy Parchment),
Stereum ostrea (False Turkey-tail),
Suillus americanus (American Slippery Jack; Chicken Fat Suillus),
Trametes elegans (),
Trametes versicolor (Turkey-tail),
Trichaptum biforme (Violet Toothed-Polypore),
Tyromyces chioneus (White Cheese Polypore)

Species not currently on clubs life list:
Gymnopus pilea – not found in our list or on the internet, maybe Gymnopus pilipes?
hypocrea americana – There is only one recorded find of this on MO. Can someone please confirm the name for this specimen.

Pictures by Richard Jacob

Species list from October Monthly Meeting on 10/18/2016

Species list entered by La Monte Yarroll.

List of species found on the walk at October Monthly Meeting:
Agaricus placomyces (Eastern Flat Topped Agaricus),
Agaricus xanthodermus (Yellow Foot Agaricus),
Agrocybe arvalis (),
Aleuria aurantia (Orange Peel Fungus),
Amanita citrina var citrina (),
Amanita muscaria var. guessowii (Fly Agaric),
Armillaria mellea (Honey Mushroom),
Calvatia craniformis (Skull Shaped Puffball),
Calvatia gigantea (Giant Puffball),
Cerrena unicolor (Mossy Maze Polypore),
Chlorophyllum rhacodes (Shaggy Parasol),
Clitocybe nuda (Blewit),
Clitocybe robusta (Robust Clitocybe),
Cyathus striatus (Splash Cups),
Daldinia concentrica (Carbon Balls),
Entoloma abortivum (Aborted Entoloma),
Exidia recisa (Wood ear),
Geastrum saccatum (Earthstar),
Geastrum triplex (Collared Earthstar),
Gymnopilus luteofolius (),
Gymnopus dryophilus (),
Grifola frondosa (Hen of the Woods / Sheep Head),
Hypholoma lateritium (Brick top),
Hypsizygus tessulatus (),
Inocybe rimosa (),
Ischnoderma resinosum (Resinous Polypore),
Laccaria laccata (Common Laccaria; Deceiver Laccaria),
Laccaria ochropurpurea (Purple-gilled Laccaria),
Lacrymaria velutina (Weeping widow),
Lactarius quietus (),
Lentinellus ursinus (),
Lepiota cristata (Malodorous Lepiota),
Lepiota naucina (Smooth Lepiota),
Lycoperdon perlatum (Gem-studded Puffball),
Melanoleuca alboflavida (),
Mycena atkinsoniana (),
Mycena inclinata (Clustered bonnet / oak-stump bonnet cap),
Naematoloma fasciculare (Sulfur Tuft),
Pachyella clypeata (),
Panellus stipticus (Luminescent Panellus, bitter oyster),
Phellinus weirianus (),
Pholiota alnicola (),
Phyllotopsis nidulans (),
Piptoporus betulinus (Birch Polypore),
Poria spissa (Orange Poria),
Psilocybe ovoideocystidiata (Psilocybe Ovoid),
Stereum complicatum (Crowded Parchment),
Stereum ostrea (False Turkey-tail),
Stropharia rugosoannulata (Wine Cap Stropharia),
Suillus americanus (American Slippery Jack; Chicken Fat Suillus),
Suillus granulatus (Dotted-stalk Suillus; Granulated Slippery Jack),
Tetrapyrgos nigripes (),
Trametes hirsuta (),
Trametes versicolor (Turkey-tail),
Trichaptum biforme (Violet Toothed-Polypore),
Tyromyces chioneus (White Cheese Polypore)

Species not currently on clubs life list:

Clitocybe sp.
Collybia “megastipes”, the bulbous-striate-stalked Collybia (unidentified, but easily recognized if we find it again.)
Hebeloma sp.
Amanita sp. (Nubbly brown universal veil, brown stain on stem.)

Comments:

Jack Baker took the Amanita sp. home to encourage it to open the rest of the way. He’ll take photographs.